The political economy of conflict: greed versus grievance argument

Have all conflicts a primarily material basis?

Part of scene 52 of the Bayeux Tapestry. This depicts mounted Normans attacking the Anglo-Saxon infantry.
11th century unknown — Lucien Musset, “The Bayeux Tapestry”, 2005, Boydell Press, ISBN 1–84383–163–5, p. 237

Methodological issues

Photo by Antoine Dautry on Unsplash

Because of missing data and weak statistics, we cannot say that there is sufficient evidence to argue a predominance of the material basis for conflicts.

Critical realist approach as a solution

Historical problems

Photo by British Library on Unsplash

“Greed and grievance” arguments do not consider the historical context of war in general.

State policy and the context


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